Introduction

It is well known that training is a beneficial factor for health. This is because it proves protective against numerous pathologies, Training and Health promoting longevity but also a greater quality of life.

However, few people disclose the most significant medical (statistical-scientific) evidence, without which certain conjectures would remain so.

Therefore, in this article we will offer the most important information on the role that motor inactivity plays in the development of chronic diseases and in the manifestation of early death – that is, determined by non-hereditary pathologies and indeed acquired through an incorrect lifestyle.

Note: primary literature reference: Health benefits of physical activity: the evidence. Darren E.R. Warburton, Crystal Whitney Nicol and Shannon S.D. Bredin. For more information on the attached bibliography, consult the study in question.

Premise

Training improves the health of the body and mind

We anticipate that:

<< The scientific evidence on the effectiveness of regular physical activity in the primary and secondary prevention of various diseases and early death is totally irrefutable. >>.

What diseases can be countered by training the body? Below we will summarize the diseases that can be countered directly – in preventive and, often, also therapeutic terms – thanks to the practice of regular motor activity.

Mostly:

Obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia (differently on triglycerides and cholesterol), cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, some joint degeneration (osteoarthritis), colon and breast cancer, senile decline and dementia, depression

*. Recall on the other hand that, by counteracting obesity, exercise indirectly fights many other conditions.

Did you know that … Motor therapy is progressively taking on a pivotal role in the treatment of various psychiatric conditions and psychological distress, such as mood disorders.

Already from these few lines, however, the first doubts emerge; what does regular physical activity mean?

Various authorities have thought of answering, such as national research institutes, which have drawn up specific guidelines on training designed for health purposes.

Those of “Health Canada“, for example, have proved to be adequate in obtaining the much desired benefits, especially in subjects who were sedentary in the past.

In these circumstances, a linear correlation between motor activity and state of health seems to be evident, so much so that a further increase in sports physical activity or fitness, associated with an improvement in general functionality, seems to lead to greater general psycho-physical benefits.

Sedentary
lifestyle How bad is a sedentary lifestyle?

It is a question that few ask themselves; in fact, usually we focus more on the beneficial effect of movement.

It is a subconscious omission, with a logically self-protective purpose, since the answer is very uncomfortable: “a sedentary lifestyle is very bad for your health.”

Admitting with no room for misunderstanding that one’s inactivity can harm, as any other risk factor would do (smoking, alcohol abuse, overnutrition and overweight, etc.) is not easy.

Psychologically, it is much more “comfortable” to convince oneself that: “yes, training is good, but by not doing it I simply remain at a normal level”. Unfortunately this is not the case.

A sedentary lifestyle is neither natural nor normal for the human being, and is responsible for a real reduction in the state of health, as it constitutes a modifiable risk factor for all the uncomfortable conditions mentioned above.

The prevalence of physical inactivity is very important in percentage, in some states even higher than that of all other modifiable risk factors (linked to lifestyle, such as diet).

Further below, in addition to developing the correlation between training or pathologies, we will also describe the data relating to general and muscular fitness, and we will deal with the independent effects of frequency (strictly linked to volume) and intensity of physical activity.